Phraseological dictionary of the Russian literary language explains the meaning of the expression as follows - to lose the former disposition of someone, to find yourself in disgrace. Disfavor, according to the Explanatory Dictionary of S. I. Ozhegov, is the disposition of a strong person to those who depend on him. Let's remember A. S. Pushkin:
Not execution is terrible, your disgrace is terrible ("Boris Godunov").
Disgrace of the king
Any power, and especially the supreme one, gives rise to people who try to stay closer to the ruler. Proximity to the prince, king or emperor - the possibility of obtaining material we alth. The expression "to fall out of favor" means not only to lose privileges, but also to suffer punishment. In conditions of feudal fragmentation, Russia is torn apart by strife, wars, falling out of favor with some and the promotion of others. In ancient Russian chronicles, the word "opal" is found. But the consequences of princely disfavor are unclear.
In 1499, under Ivan the Great, two of the noblest boyar families fell into disgrace: the princes Patrikeev and Ryapolovsky, accused of sedition, that is, treason. Voivode V.I. Patrikeyev was imprisoned in Joseph for his political and religious beliefs.Volokolamsk Monastery, where he died (perhaps he was starved to death). Voivode S. I. Ryapolovsky, formerly an associate of the tsar, was executed.
Under Ivan the Terrible, boyars who did not want to remain in his personal inheritance (oprichnina) fell out of favor. Their possessions were divided and distributed to the tsar's close associates, the boyars themselves were sent to the outskirts.
In imperial Russia
The outstanding Russian commander A. V. Suvorov fell into disgrace under Paul I, who planted the Prussian order in the army. In 1800, Count Suvorov was banned from visiting the Winter Palace and deprived of his favorite adjutants. The name of the generalissimo, which Europe admired, disappeared from the pages of Russian newspapers. The commander could not stand the imperial disgrace, fell ill and soon died. They buried him as a field marshal, not as a generalissimo.
The associate of Alexander I, Count A. A. Arakcheev, remembered by his contemporaries for his pedantry and strictness, twice fell out of favor. For a statesman known for his lack of acquisitiveness, disgrace was more of an insult than a loss of we alth.
In the 20th century
During the period when I. V. Stalin was in power, the expression "fall out of favor" received a new meaning. State and party leaders who, according to Stalin, made mistakes, were arrested, exiled and shot.
G. I. Zhukov, who received the personal gratitude of the Generalissimo more than 40 times, lost his favor after the warStalin. He was accused of misappropriation of trophies and ex altation of his own role in the Victory. Zhukov was removed from the post of Commander-in-Chief of the Ground Forces and sent to lead the Odessa Military District, in fact, into exile. In 1952, at the beginning of the arms race, Stalin again summoned Zhukov to Moscow.
Member of Stalin's inner circle, head of the NKVD L. Beria fell out of favor after the death of the leader. He was accused in connection with British intelligence and treason. Beria, as well as his associates from the state security agencies, were convicted by a "special tribunal" without the right to defense and appeal. The punishment was the confiscation of military ranks, awards, personal property and execution.