More and more place in our lives is occupied by the Internet. No human-made technology has gained such widespread popularity. The Internet is the World Wide Web, which covers the entire globe, enveloping it with a network of TV towers. He began to gain his popularity back in the relatively distant 1990s. In the article, we will discuss where it came from and why it became so popular.
Internet like the World Wide Web
The second name of such a plan was given for a reason. The fact is that the Internet unites many users around the world. Like a spider's web, it envelops the entire globe with its threads. And this is not an ordinary metaphor, it really is. The Internet consists of wires and wireless networks, the latter of which are invisible to us.
But this is a lyrical digression, in fact the Internet is connected to the World Wide Web (www, or the Word Wide Web). It covers all computers connected to the network. On remote serversusers store the necessary information, and can also communicate on the Web. Often this name is understood as the World or Global Network.
It is based on several very important protocols like TCP/IP. Thanks to the Internet, the World Wide Web, or otherwise the Word Wide Web (WWW), carries out its activities, that is, it transmits and receives data.
Number of users
At the end of 2015, a study was conducted, on the basis of which the following data were obtained. The number of Internet users worldwide is 3.3 billion people. And this is almost 50% of the total population of our planet.
Such high rates were achieved thanks to the spread of cellular networks 3G and high-speed 4G. Providers played an important role, thanks to the massive introduction of Internet technologies, the cost of maintaining servers and manufacturing fiber optic cables decreased. In most European countries, the Internet speed is higher than in African countries. This is explained by the technical lag of the latter and the low demand for the service.
Why is the Internet called the World Wide Web?
As it is not paradoxical, but many users are sure that the above term and the Internet are one and the same. This deep misconception, hovering in the minds of many users, is caused by the similarity of concepts. Now we'll figure out what's what.
The World Wide Web is often confused with the similar phrase "World Wide Web". It represents a certaininformation volume based on Internet technology.
History of the World Wide Web
By the end of the 90s, the dominance of NSFNet over ARPANET technology was finally established in the world. Oddly enough, but one research center was engaged in their development. ARPNET was developed by order of the US War Department. Yes, yes, the first to use the Internet were the military. And NSFNet technology was developed independently of government agencies, almost out of sheer enthusiasm.
It was the competition between the two developments that became the basis for their further development and mass introduction into the world. The World Wide Web became available to the general public in 1991. It had to work somehow, and Berners Lee took over the development of the system for the Internet. In two years of successful work, he created hypertext, or HTTP, the famous electronic language of HTML and URL. We don't need to go into details, because now we see them as regular links for website addresses.
First of all, this is an information space, which is accessed through the Internet. It allows the user to have access to the data that is on the servers. If we use a visual-figurative way, then the Internet is a three-dimensional cylinder, and the World Wide Web is what fills it.
Through a program called a "browser", the user gains access to the Internet to surf the Web. It consists of an innumerable set of sites that are based onservers. They are connected to computers and are responsible for saving, downloading, viewing data.
Spider webs and modern man
At present, Homo sapiens in developed countries are almost completely integrated with the World Wide Web. We are not talking about our grandparents or about remote villages where they don’t even know about some kind of Internet.
Before, a person in search of information went straight to the library. And it often happened that the book he needed was not found, then he had to go to other institutions with archives. Now the need for such manipulations has disappeared.
In biology, all species names consist of three words, such as our full name Homo sapiens neanderthalensis. Now you can safely add the fourth word internetiys.
The Internet is taking over the minds of mankind
Agree, we draw almost all information from the Internet. We have tons of information in our hands. Tell our ancestor about this, he would eagerly bury his head in the monitor screen and sit there all his free time looking for information.
It was the Internet that brought mankind to a fundamentally new level, it contributes to the creation of a new culture - mixed or multi. Representatives of different nations mimic and adapt, as if merging their customs into one cauldron. Where the final product then comes from.
It is especially useful for scientists, there is no longer a need to gather at councils in a country thatlocated 1000 km from yours. You can exchange experiences without a personal meeting, for example, through instant messengers or social networks. And if an important issue needs to be discussed, then you can do it via Skype.
The World Wide Web is part of the Internet. Its work is ensured thanks to storage servers, which provide information to the user upon request. The Net itself was developed thanks to US scientists and their enthusiasm.