Rules of conduct in the forest for children

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Rules of conduct in the forest for children
Rules of conduct in the forest for children
Anonim

Before you go for a walk away from the city or even in the forest park, you should remember the rules of behavior in the forest, which must be observed in order not to get into an unpleasant or dangerous situation. Most adults remember them more or less well, but it is better for children to explain them again, even if the parents have already done it.

It is important to explain the rules to children

children playing on a log

You can just talk to them about this topic, or you can play a game by beating situations that can happen in the forest. It is especially important to explain the rules of behavior in the forest for elementary school students if their parents send them on a hike with the class teacher. Of course, they will be closely watched, but still it is quite difficult to follow a large group of children, and unforeseen situations can happen.

Preparing for a forest trip

During a forest walk, you should take care of only two main things: not harming wildlife and your own safety.

boy on the trail

For this, firstly, the prospect of such trips should be taken care of in the spring and vaccinated against tick-borne encephalitis in advance.

When gathering, you must choose the right clothes. It should be practical, non-marking and dense so that insects cannot bite through a layer of fabric. For the same purpose, it is better to choose sweaters and jackets with long sleeves, do not wear cropped trousers. It is worth putting on rubber boots or high boots (and long socks under them) on your feet, so that ticks, if they meet on your way, would be more difficult to climb up, and a panama hat or cap on your head. Parents who dress their children in their own khaki suits need to be reminded that if your child gets lost while wearing these colors, it will be very difficult to find him. But if you put a bright jacket on him, the search will become much easier.

Both adults and children should take a supply of water for a day with them. It may be needed, for example, in order to wash the wound or wash the fruit, and not just for drinking.

Additional funds

It is also necessary to collect a small first aid kit just in case. There should be both medicines that you specifically need, as well as painkillers, disinfectants, as well as something that can be taken in case of poisoning. In addition, do not neglect the bandage and cotton in case of injury.

children are walking

Mosquitoes during the forest walk you will meet in any case, so be sure to take insect repellent and do not forgetexplain to the child how to use it.

And, of course, take a means of communication with you. If the child is small, teach him what number to dial in case the parents cannot be reached in any situation.

Rules of conduct in the forest

Now let's move on to the rules that need to be explained to a baby or even an older child just before the trip. They will help you avoid major dangerous situations.

Of course, remind him that only adults can go into the forest, no independent hikes, especially without warning.

It is absolutely impossible to move away from the common company deep into the forest. You need to keep in sight the landmarks that you can return to - the path, high-voltage lines, railway tracks.

children build a hut in the forest

A walk in the forest should not be delayed until nightfall. It is better to return home before dark.

Don't eat berries and mushrooms - they can be poisonous, even if they look quite familiar and safe.

All these rules relate directly to the safety of children (however, equally for adults). Now let's talk about what rules of behavior in the forest you need to remember in order not to damage the environment and spend time with benefit and pleasure.

Environmental regulations

Of course, one of the main and, it would seem, the most obvious rules says: you can not litter in the forest. All packages and packages left after the h alt should be collected and taken away with you, but in no caseleave them scattered in the surrounding bushes. This is especially true for dangerous objects such as broken glass or cans, which can cause great harm to the inhabitants of the forest and other people who may pass along the same path as you.

Another rule of safe behavior in the forest, which must be remembered: do not pick flowers, among which there may be rare valuable species, break branches of bushes and trees. Moreover, it is impossible to take eggs from bird nests if the child accidentally stumbles upon this, as well as to catch the cubs of animals, because parents may be nearby who are unlikely to approve such treatment. By the way, the general rule to follow when meeting with adult wild animals is that it is best to wait calmly, without showing fear, until the animal leaves, if it does not show aggression. Returning to the fact that living creatures should not be harmed, it is necessary to explain to the child that destroying anthills is unacceptable, as well as catching frogs from a pond, catching butterflies and caterpillars, shooting spiders and tearing their webs. It is better that children do not touch them at all, but only calmly observe from afar.

children sitting by the river

In order not to frighten animals and birds, do not turn on loud music, make noise and shout. So you can frighten the inhabitants of the forest from their homes, in which, perhaps, they will have cubs and chicks.

Bonfire in the forest

And, finally, it is necessary to instill in the child that one should not try to make a fire without adult supervision, and even more so in the wrong place. After all, this can cause a forestfire. The child should know that a fire can be made in a clearing, on the shore of a reservoir or in other open areas, after digging a place for a fire and laying it out with stones. Before leaving the resting place, the fire must be completely extinguished by mixing the coals with the earth and making sure that not a single spark is left. If you instill in children the rules of behavior in the forest from an early age, in the future they will be less likely to violate them, which means that there will be at least a few bonfires in the wrong place, but less.

If a fire started

Here it is worth talking about the basic rules of behavior in case of fire in the forest. If the fire is small and can be extinguished with improvised means, it is necessary to do this as soon as possible. Considering that an adult should be with the children in the forest, it is worth teaching them so that they immediately draw the attention of the escort to the smoke, and even more so the fire. If a fire has started and it cannot be stopped, it is necessary to flee from the forest. It is important to head in the direction from which the wind is blowing.

And by all means call 01 or the forestry if possible and inform them of the fire as soon as possible.

If the child is lost

In addition, such a sad situation is possible that the child will fall behind the group and get lost. What rules of behavior in the forest should he follow then?

First, of course, do not panic (which may not work). Secondly, immediately contact the adult with whom the child went to the forest, or - if he went there alone - with relatives or friends. ATif the connection does not allow you to do this, you need to call 112. The rescue service is always available.

children walking in the forest

You should stand in silence and listen to the sounds around you. Perhaps the child will hear the sound of a freeway, a railroad, or even a voice. Then you need to move towards them.

The same goes for the sound of running water - near the banks of streams and rivers you can often find small settlements if you go with the flow.

And it’s also worth explaining to the child that you don’t need to go far from the place where he got lost - in this case, it is more likely that he will be found quickly, and he will not have to spend the night in the forest.

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