Feeling - what is it? What are the feelings of a person?

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Feeling - what is it? What are the feelings of a person?
Feeling - what is it? What are the feelings of a person?
Anonim

We always feel something. Every second of your existence. Joy, fear, bitterness, thirst, admiration… So different, but all these are our feelings.

Where feelings begin

feeling it

Living in the world, communicating with it and its inhabitants, a person cannot but express his attitude to what is happening around. This is the basis of the interaction of an individual with the world around him - phenomena, objects, people - in the ability to feel and reveal his feelings based on emotions.

Emotions

When a person very violently, brightly, loudly expresses his attitude to something, his opinion about someone, we say that he is emotional. Indeed, it is impossible to understand the issue of feelings without talking about their basis - emotions.

The better they are developed in a person, the deeper his relationships with other people will be, the brighter the world of his inner experiences will become. They can be developed and even trained, because emotion is a state (psychophysiological), which is an indicator, assessment, response to actions from the outside. That is, it is a kind of reflex.

higher feelings are

If necessary, you can adjust the emotions. For example, in response to a push inmorning crush on the bus, you can feel angry, slightly annoyed or completely indifferent - the difference is impressive.

Emotional phenomena

There are several levels of emotional experiences (phenomena) of a person:

  1. Emotional tone. These are very fuzzy sensations, at the level of animal instincts, a reaction to physical influences (temperature, pain, taste, smell). They are not specific, they just color our perception of the objective world.
  2. Emotion. This is an already established complex of sensations, which is a reaction, a person’s attitude to a certain situation, real or possible. A set of states that is characterized by certain sensations are the basic emotions. They already have their own names: guilt, contempt, interest, joy, etc.
  3. Mood. "Value" is also quite constant, but not related to a particular subject. A person's temperament can be expressed through mood. Its main characteristics are "plus" and "minus", positive and negative.
  4. Feeling. This is a very persistent set of emotions that express a person's attitude to the current situation. The highest point that emotions reach in the process of development is feelings.
  5. the power of feeling is

Types of Feelings

They are divided into two types: sthenic (positive) and asthenic (negative). The first type of feelings prepares the human body for a large expenditure of energy, it is associated with excitement, activity, cheerfulness.

The second - is a consequence of the rejection ofactions in a state of stress or emotionally intense environment. There is a decline in activity, depression, apathy.

Types of feelings

A person's feelings are an indicator of his needs, both social and spiritual. Despite the complexity of their definition, feelings are even divided into types.

  1. Moral, or higher feelings. This is one of the main personality characteristics. They express the attitude of the individual to the surrounding world, people, events. According to the level of development of moral feelings among the population, one can judge not only about one person (sense of camaraderie, empathy, sympathy), but also about the social and moral situation in the state (sense of duty, patriotism).
  2. Intellectual feelings. This is a consequence of human actions aimed at obtaining, assimilation of new knowledge. The basis for their development is a person's need for knowledge, his attitude to his own thought process. These are feelings of surprise, interest.
  3. Aesthetic feelings. They are based on the position of personal boundaries, the difference between beautiful and ugly. Of great importance in the development of these emotional complexes is the state of society, its norms and preferences. A sense of beauty is also an expression of an aesthetic attitude to the world, as well as a sense of humor, tragic, sublime or irony.
the feeling of beauty

The degree or level of development of the sphere of feelings in a single person is the so-called emotional intelligence of a person. It includes the ability to recognize and identify emotions in others,the need to share your feelings and accept them from other people, empathize.

No matter how high or low the level of emotional intelligence in a person, all perception begins with the senses.

Sense Organs

Where does the feeling begin? We have already understood this - from the emotional tone that a person forms on the basis of data about the environment and his position in it. A person collects this information through various organs of his body (sense organs).

A person has five of them:

  • you need eyes to see an object;
  • to hear his sound - ears;
  • to smell it - nose;
  • to experience his taste - tongue;
  • leather to see how it feels.

Thus, it turns out that the sense organs are the organs of the human body, which, through receptors, collect data from the outside world and send them to the human brain, thereby allowing you to form an opinion about it.

Remote senses include eyes, ears, nose - they are able to perceive signals at a distance.

Sometimes these organs are able to compensate each other. For example, it is known that visually impaired people often have very well developed hearing and touch.

The central nervous system analyzes the information coming through the receptors and identifies it. This is how a person receives sensations, which later develop into emotions and feelings.

sense organs are

Types of perception

It turns out that humans have organsfeelings are unevenly developed.

For example, the eyes can send information to the nervous system more intensively, faster than the ears and nose. That is, visual sensations will be the main ones in the perception of the surrounding world. Such people are called visuals. They are about 35% of the total population of the planet. Visuals see the world in pictures, perfectly remember external details. If you use visual images in communication with such a person, visually present information, he will understand you more quickly and deeply. Phrases like: "Look how delicious!" - This is the norm for the visual. Feeling is the image in his eyes.

25% of the inhabitants of the Earth perceive auditory sensations stronger and faster - these are auditory. Sound is very important to them. It is not so important what you say, but the timbre of your voice, the pace of speech will cause a much stronger feeling. This is the basic principle of information perception. When communicating with the auditory, watch the emotionality of your speech.

All the rest are kinesthetics. Their world is more of a tactile experience. Therefore, it is important for them to be close to the interlocutor, to touch him or themselves, or something else. In this age of remote technology, kinesthetics are the hardest to adjust. Do you want him to hear you? Let yourself be touched, at least held by the sleeve.

Power of feelings

human feelings are

A person is able to experience feelings of different strengths (according to emotional intensity) in relation to one object.

For example, eating. How strong a sense of pleasure will a person experience when dining at home? And visiting? At a restaurant? After a long diet? On thenature? The amplitude of sensory experiences will be quite large in all the proposed options. This happens because the power of feelings is the amount of energy that a person receives from emotions or spends on them. That is, the more emotions we receive or express in a complex (in relation to one object, action), the stronger the feeling will be. Thus, expressions like "I love you a lot" and "I love you a little" have every right to exist.

Every person is capable of developing high emotional intelligence, experiencing strong and vivid feelings throughout life and in any situation.

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