Chamomile is a common plant in our country. It is widely used in pharmaceuticals, cosmetology, traditional medicine and floristry. The plant has a lot of useful properties, due to which it is very much appreciated by the people. In the article, we will consider what is remarkable about this plant and how to write a description of a chamomile flower for children in grades 2-4.
Description and structure of a flower
Chamomile is an annual plant of the Asteraceae family. The height reaches 20-40 cm. The flower stem is single or branched at the base, the leaves are green, dissected. Flowering time is from May to August. Chamomile inflorescences are baskets that are located at the ends of the branches. So you can make a brief description of the chamomile flower.
Let's take a closer look at the inflorescence. The basket consists of white reed petals and a tubular yellow center. Chamomile flowers are very small and have a pronounced smell. From other varieties, pharmacy chamomile is distinguished by its smell and appearance.
Often at school, children are given a description of some plants. If a child has certain difficulties during independent work, then parents need an example for this. Below we will consider how you can clearly write about a flower for children in grades 2-4. There are no high requirements for elementary school students, so writing a report will not cause problems.
What a flower looks like
An approximate description of a chamomile flower for grade 2 is discussed below.
"Daisy has a yellow center and white petals. It has a thin stem and long leaves.
It has long been considered a magical flower. They guess on it: "Loves - does not love." If the last torn off petal ends with the word “loves”, then the hidden person feels sympathy, and vice versa. Many poems have been written about chamomile. For example, the work of Z. Alexandrova:
A small sun on my palm, -
White daisy on a green stem.
White-rimmed yellow hearts…
How many are in the meadow, how many are by the river!
Daisies have bloomed - summer has come.
Bouquets are knitted from white daisies.
In an earthen jar, jar or cup
Large daisies crowd merrily.
Our craftswomen set to work –
All wreaths are woven from white daisies.
And the kid Timka, and the heifer Mashka
I like big, tasty daisies.
I really like chamomile because it is beautiful and bright against the background of green grass. When you look at a flower and see the yellow center, it seems thatlooking at the sun. Chamomile uplifts.
Also, many interesting crafts can be made from flowers, for example, a wreath on the head".
Report option for a child in grades 3-4
Description of the chamomile flower for 3rd grade and older implies a deepening of knowledge.
For such a child, you can add the information below to the essay.
"Approximately 25 varieties of chamomile grow around the world. Some of them are used to treat people, such as pharmacy chamomile. It is prescribed for colds, indigestion and to calm the nerves.
The name of the flower comes from the Latin word "romana", earlier it was called the Romanov flower. In ancient Egypt, people worshiped the god Ra (the sun). Since the chamomile looks like a luminary, it was also considered divine.
This is such a magical flower that each of us can meet on the street and admire its beauty".
The description of the chamomile flower for grade 4, in addition to the information provided, can be supplemented with the following information.
"Chamomile blooms in summer: from May to September. Plant height reaches 60 cm.
The flower is used not only for the treatment of diseases, but also in cosmetology to create masks, soaps and creams.
Chamomile, in my opinion, is a symbol of our country. Many poems and songs are dedicated to her. The artists paint the plant in the paintings. Girls wear dresses with this pattern. Chamomile is also designated as the emblem of the Day of Family, Love and Fidelity. This holiday is celebrated on July 8".
What types of flower are considered medicinal?
When parents tell their child about a plant, the description of a chamomile flower for children can be supplemented with useful information about species diversity.
"In addition to medicinal chamomile, there are many ornamental plant species. In folk medicine, the following varieties are used for medicinal purposes:
- Chamomile, or peeled chamomile. The plant has a fairly long stem with small and sparse leaves. The core of the flower is convex, the petals are arranged in 1-2 rows, most often lowered down.
- Roman chamomile, she is a noble navel. Outwardly similar to chamomile, you can distinguish it by larger and densely arranged leaves.
- Chamomile tongueless (odorous). Often it is mistaken for an ordinary chamomile, believing that the flower petals have fallen off, but this is not so. This species does not have tongues, the stems of the plant are more leafy, the smell is sharp.
- Yellow chamomile, or dyeing navel. The plant has a strong aroma, more reminiscent of the smell of wormwood. The flowers are yellow or orange.
All of the listed plant species have beneficial properties, but they are more pronounced in chamomile.
What the science says
The scientific description of the chamomile flower is as follows.
"Pharmacy chamomile belongs to the herbaceous plants of Compositae. The stem is straight, erect, ribbed. Leaves from 20 to 40 cm. Basketshave white tubular flowers, the middle is yellow. Blooms in late May - early August. The smell is sharp, pleasant, especially when grinding. Actively used for medicinal purposes.
In general, the chemical composition of chamomile flowers is similar, but the concentration of certain components contained in the plant may differ. For example, in fragrant chamomile, the main active ingredient chamazulene is present in a minimal amount. The plant is saturated with biologically active components. Inflorescences contain essential oils, which, in turn, are rich in cadinene, a-bisabol, nonyl, caprylic, isovaleric acids.
In addition, chamomile inflorescences contain sugar, phytosterols, flavonoids.
The plant is rich in protein, tannins and mucous substances. Contains pectin, beta-carotene, salicylic acid, vitamins C, B6 and other beneficial elements.
Description of a chamomile flower is impossible without mentioning the usefulness of the plant for people.
Chamomile is known for its medicinal properties and is widely used in traditional medicine for symptomatic relief and treatment:
- stomach ulcers;
- liver and kidney disease;
- pathologies of the central nervous system.
Folk and traditional medicine
Description of the chamomile flower we discussed above, in this paragraph we will talk about the use of the plant.
BIn folk medicine, chamomile is considered one of the most used plants. For treatment, infusions, decoctions, extracts and essential oils are used. Often, chamomile flowers are part of herbal preparations.
Tinctures, decoctions and teas with chamomile are considered excellent diaphoretics, effective in combating diarrhea, flatulence, insomnia, intestinal cramps. The extract from the flowers of the plant has a beneficial effect on the nervous system, stimulates the production of gastric juice and improves the secretory function of bile.
In medicine, chamomile-based preparations are recommended for use in diseases of the liver and gastrointestinal tract, irritation of the oral mucosa and larynx, as well as during the inflammatory process of the upper respiratory tract.
In pharmaceuticals, chamomile inflorescences are used to make medicines, teas and preparations. The most popular of them: "Rekutan", "Rotokan", "Romazulan".
Chamomile essential oil is known for its disinfectant, diaphoretic and sedative effects. It stabilizes the function of digestion, reduces inflammation in the body, relieves bloating and gas formation, and reduces pain.
Chamomile in cosmetology
Chamomile is no less in demand in the cosmetic industry. The plant extract is used in the manufacture of soaps, creams for adults and children, lotions, oils, tonics, and decorative cosmetics. Often, chamomile is indicated in the compositions of shampoos, conditioners, shower gels,toothpastes and many other products that people are used to using on a daily basis.
In the old days, girls washed their hair with chamomile infusion to give their hair a golden sheen. Modern manufacturers have adopted a long tradition and add plant concentrate to hair coloring products. Based on chamomile decoction, a series of cosmetic products are created to nourish dry skin, since the plant has the ability to soften and moisturize the epidermis. Chamomile bath foam relaxes and promotes deep sleep. In addition, the plant extract is included in creams and ointments with anti-inflammatory, wound healing and anti-allergic effects.
Description of the chamomile flower is also impossible without mentioning negative points. In reasonable dosages, the plant has no contraindications. However, during the bearing of a child, it is necessary to use drugs based on chamomile extract with caution.
Essential oil of the plant, if the dosage is exceeded, can cause dizziness, general weakness or headache. There have been cases of excitability and fits of rage after an overdose of drugs with chamomile. It is not recommended to use products based on this plant for people suffering from anacid gastritis. In addition, chamomile may be individually intolerable.
As we can see, it is not difficult to write a description of a plant; a report for a child can be supplemented with a lot of useful information. The main thing when doing thistasks - to keep the child interested, so parents are encouraged to show the plant visually and print photos.