"Ethical" is an important term that deserves careful consideration and study. Those moral norms that exist in modern society are the result of a long process of establishing relationships between people. Ethical problems concern cultural, economic, political relations. Without following certain norms, it is difficult to talk about respect and trust between people.
What does the word "ethical" mean? This adjective is closely related to the word "etiquette". It is of French origin, meaning a certain manner of behavior. This term refers to politeness and courtesy.
History of the formation of the term
What is the history of the adjective "ethical"? The meaning of this word came to us from ancient times. Modern etiquette contains the customs of all generations, from ancient times to modern times.
The rules of conduct must be observed not only by members of the same social order, but also by people who belong to various political and cultural systems that exist in the modern world.
How the term is currently perceived"ethical"? The meaning of the word depends on the characteristics of the country. They try to invest in it the features of historical development, customs, traditions.
As civilization develops, there is an adjustment of the rules of behavior. Norms of behavior that were previously considered indecent become the norm for society. Ethical is not an ideal behavior. Depending on the circumstances, time, place, some changes or additions to the established norms of internal culture may be made.
Unlike morality, the term "ethical" is a conditional concept. A cultured person understands, knows, fulfills the rules of relationships. Manners are a reflection of the moral and intellectual qualities of a person.
It is much easier for a person who knows how to behave in society to establish contacts with other people, to create stable and full relationships with colleagues.
A well-mannered and tactful person demonstrates the norms of etiquette not only during official ceremonies and receptions, but also at home. Genuine politeness is based on benevolence, which is due to a sense of proportion, tact. Etiquette is an important and essential part of human culture, morality, morality, which has been developed by different peoples over many centuries. Ideas of good and evil, improvement, order, beauty - all this includes etiquette.
French philosopher Levi-Strauss said that the twenty-first century will be the time of humanitarian culture. He emphasizes that only spirituality will becomeopportunity for the development of human civilization.
Currently, the system of spiritual guidelines is based on the opposition of two principles, different worldviews: humanism and technocracy.
Technical revolution based on technology and innovation has contributed to spirituality. Man has become a means for the implementation of scientific and technological achievements, their application. The humanistic approach implies the removal of society from the state of typical consumption, is aimed at the revival of spiritual values. Tolerance, compassion, kindness, conscience - all these are the words that form the basis of ethics. It is these concepts that help turn a person into a humanistic person.
Ethics as a science
The term "ethical" was coined by Aristotle, it meant mores, customs, habits. Ethics is called the doctrine of morality, morality.
Philosophy contains epistemology, ontology, aesthetics, ethics. As a philosophical discipline, ethics explains the essence of morality, its nature, explains the aspirations of a person, the inconsistency of moral relations between people. It characterizes the logical connection between judgments and actions, moral assessments and actions.
Its cognitive function is to study the behavior of the individual, understanding the foundations of good and evil, decency and dishonor. Ethics helps humanity achieve true benefits, taking into account the peculiarities of the historical period.
The normative task of ethicsis to find ways out of difficult moral situations, to overcome obstacles on the way to self-improvement and development.
Summing up the final result, we note that morality (morality) acts as a complex sphere of the spiritual life of society and the individual, it is the main subject of ethics research. It does not create rules, special principles, norms of social behavior, ideals and evaluations. Rather, he is engaged in theoretical generalization, systematization of values, ideals, moral norms. Only if ethical standards are observed, humanity has a chance to develop.