Simple and phrasal verbs of motion in English

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Simple and phrasal verbs of motion in English
Simple and phrasal verbs of motion in English
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In English grammar, all actions can be described by state or movement verbs. State verbs express our feelings, needs, thoughts, sensations, possession of something. Verbs of movement - active activity, change or movement from one point to another. In this article, we will analyze the topic: “Verbs of motion in English” and get acquainted with phrasal verbs, which are indispensable in colloquial English.

Verbs of motion. Species

English verbs of motion

For ease of learning verbs of motion, they can be divided into groups. Consider words with translation and Russian transcription.

Movement speed

English word

Russian transcription

Translation

1

brake

[break]

slow down

2

crawl

[krol]

creep; climb, climb

3

creep

[creep]

crawl; grovel; sneak in

4

fly

[fly]

fly; take off

5

go

[go]

go; pass; go

6

hurry

['hari]

hurry up; customize; run away

7

ride

[ride]

go; ride

8

run

[run]

run; run through, pass

9

walk

[walk]

walk; walk; roam

Movement types

English word

Transcription in Russian letters

As translated

1

bend

[band]

bend

2

move

[move]

move; move; move

3

roll

[roll]

roll

4

rotate

[rouˈtate]

rotate; alternate; change

5

shake

[shake]

shake

6

skate

[skate]

skating

7

ski

[ski]

skiing/skiing

8

slide

[slide]

slide

9

stop

[stop]

stop; stop; interfere

10

swim

[suim]

swim; swim across; spinning

11

swing

[suyin]

wobble

12

turn

[ten]

turn; turn into; apply

13

wave

[wave]

wave hand

Verbs of direction in English

A word in English

Transcription

Translated from English

1

ascend

[esend]

rise; lift up; pop up

2

climb

[claim]

climb; get up; climb

3

descend

[dissend]

go down; get down

4

drop

[drop]

throw, discard

5

fall

[foul]

fall; decline; hit

6

lift

[elevator]

raise; ex alt

7

lower

[ˈlowe]

decrease; lower

8

raise

[raise]

raise; grow

9

rise

[rise]

rise, rise

10

sink

[sync]

dive; drown; fall, fall

Cyclic movement

Word by-English

Transcription

Translated from English

1

advance

[advance]

move

2

arrive

[eˈriv]

arrive; arrive; to come

3

attain

[eˈtein]

achieve; receive

4

come

[cam]

come; come; join

5

cross

[cross]

cross

6

depart

[diˈpat]

leave; retreat; take off

7

enter

[ˈente]

enter; move in

8

follow

[ˈfollow]

follow; track; stick to

9

leave

[liv]

leave; leave; stay

10

meet

[mit]

dating

11

pass

[pass]

pass; go over

12

reach

[rich]

achieve; get; stretching

13

return

[riˈten]

return; give away; return

14

start

[stat]

start; run

Verses of pursuit in English

English word

Russian transcription

Translation

1

avoid

[eˈvoid]

avoid; shun; dodge

2

catch

[catch]

catch; grab; catch

3

drive

[drive]

go; drive

4

escape

[isˈcape]

run; to avoid; leave

5

flee

[fli]

run away; run away

6

pursue

[peˈsue]

chase; search

7

surpass

[seˈpass]

overtake, get ahead of

Verbs of motion related to water

English word

Transcription in Russian letters

As translated

1

dive

[dive]

dive, dive; dive; deepen

2

drown

[draun]

sink, drown; flood; choke

3

emerge

[iˈmej]

pop up, appear

4

float

[float]

sail; swim, float

5

flow

[flow]

flow

6

plunge

[plunge]

dive; dive

7

row

[row]

rowing

8

sail

[sale]

swim; set sail

9

sink

[sync]

dive; drown; get down

Verbs (verbs)

It should be remembered that verbs of motion in English, depending on the context, can be translated as state verbs.

Examples:

  • My grandmother and I walked in the Park yesterday. – My grandmother and I walked in the park yesterday.
  • My brother Mike skates every day. – My brother Mike skates every day.
  • Peter climbed Mount Everest last year. – Peter climbed Everest last year.
  • Our area is crossed by a stormy river. – A wild river crosses our site.
  • I ran away from the evil dog. – I ran away from an angry dog.
  • My friend and I swam on the lake in the morning. – In the morning my friend and I went swimming in the lake.

Phrasal verbs of motion in English

Phrasal verbs with go

Phrasal verbs are formulations that consist of several words. The meaning of verbs can change depending on the combination of words. For example:

  • come in - enter;
  • come out - go out.

What are phrasal verbs:

1. Verb (action) + adverb (sign). Verbs of motion in English in such expressions are often used with the following adverbs:

  • across [ekros] - between, through, through, across, opposite;
  • against [eˈgenst] - in spite of, against, on the contrary;
  • ahead [eˈhead] - ahead, in advance, earlier;
  • around [eˈround] - around, near;
  • back [back] - back;
  • down [down] - down, down;
  • forward [ˈfoued] - forward;
  • up [up] - up, from above.

Examples:

  • Bob came back late at night. – Bob returned late at night.
  • The General quickly stood up and gave the order. The General quickly stood up and gave the order.

2. Verb (action) + preposition. Prepositions are often used in these constructions:

  • by [by] - to, from, at, behind, under;
  • in [in] - to, from;
  • for [pho] - for, by;
  • off [of] - out, at, from, from;
  • out [out] - for, from, out;
  • on [he] - by, on, with, about, s.

Examples:

  • We move on. – We are moving forward.
  • Cats ran off. – The cats ran away.
  • A strange boy walked up to me. – An unfamiliar boy approached me.

3. Verb (action) + adverb (sign) + preposition. This expression includes three words.

Examples:

  • The seller cut down on the price of sugar. – The seller lowered the price of sugar.
  • He keeps away from it. – He stays away from it.
  • I look forward to your arrival. – Looking forward to your arrival.

Table of phrasal verbs of motion

Phrasal verbs with get

Let's look at the most common phrasal verbs of motion in English.

Expression

How to read in Russian

Translation

1

be back

[bee back]

back

2

come back

[kam back

go back, come back

3

come down

[cam down]

go down

4

come in

[cam in]

come in, enter

5

come on

[kam he]

approach, continue

6

come out

[cam out]

get out, get out

7

come over

[kam ˈouwe]

come, come

8

come up

[cam up]

come up, get up

9

get away

[Get Away]

leave, run away

10

get off

[get off]

get off, get off, get off

11

get out

[get out]

get out, get out, get out

12

get up

[get up]

get up, get up

13

go away

[go away]

leave, go away, disappear

14

go back

[goback]

go back, go back, drive back

15

go down

[go down]

go down, go down, go down

16

go in

[go in]

enter, go inside

17

go off

[get off]

leave, pass, pass

18

go out

[go out]

go out, go outside

19

go over

[go ˈouwe]

go over, approach

20

go up

[go up]

get up, go up

21

sit down

[Sit Down]

sit down, sit down

22

sit up

[sit up]

get up, stand up, straighten up

23

walk away

[Walk Away]

leave, carry away, walk away

24

walk out

[walk out]

go out, walk

25

walk over

[walk ˈouwe]

come, come here

Learning verbs of motion is easy. The most difficult thing will be to remember phrasal verbs, since the literal translation is sometimes not clear in meaning. Adults will just have to memorize phrasal verbs of motion in English. For children, pictures and cards depicting actions are suitable. It will take only a little patience and English will become even closer and clearer for you!

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