The Mediterranean Sea is a huge and diverse space, washing the shores of two continents - Europe and Africa with its waves. It consists of many small seas with poetic names: Marmara, Ionian, Ligurian. The Adriatic Sea is also a part of this big whole.
It is located in the middle between two peninsulas - the Balkan and the Apennine - and washes the shores of countries such as Albania, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia and Italy. But this sea - the Adriatic - received its unusual ear name thanks to the ancient Greeks. In the old days, on its banks, between the rivers Po and Adige, there was a port city of Adria. Now no one would have guessed that this place was a port - due to sand drifts over two thousand years, the land has moved deep into the sea, and Adria is located as much as 25 kilometers from the sea coast. Initially, only the northern part of the sea, which was located directly around the port, was called this name, but gradually the name was transferred to the entire body of water.
Square,occupied by the Adriatic Sea is no less than 144,000 square kilometers. It connects with the Ionian Sea through the Strait of Otranto. The depth of the seabed varies - it gradually decreases from 20 meters in the north of the reservoir to 1230 in the southeast. It is very convenient for navigation - due to the fact that near the coast the bottom depth is sufficient for the passage of ships. In addition, in the Adriatic Sea there are several bays that are very convenient for setting up a raid, such as the Venetian, Manfredonia, Gulf of Trieste. The Dalmatian Islands, located in the middle of the Adriatic, do not interfere with ships.
Due to the fact that the coast of the sea is mostly sandy and pebbly, it has developed tourist and resort areas. The temperature of the Adriatic Sea in its northern parts ranges from +7 degrees Celsius in winter to +24 in the midst of the summer season. In the southern parts, these fluctuations range from +13 degrees in winter to +26 degrees in summer. Thanks to the climatic conditions in the summer, the Adriatic actually becomes a paradise - it is mostly dry and sunny here. But in winter, the rainy season begins, when the entire coast suffers from cloudy wet weather.
The Adriatic Sea is rich in representatives of flora and fauna. There are more than 700 types of algae - red, brown and green - here. The fauna is represented by a wide variety of gastropods, echinoderms and bivalves - mussels, oysters, sea cucumbers, sea urchins and stars. Also frequent guests in the networks of local sailors are moray eels, eels, mackerel, sardines,bonito. Of the predators, several species of sharks are found at depth, such as black, blue, giant. And near the coast, dolphins and seals become frequent companions of swimmers.
This is it, warm and deep, the Adriatic Sea. You can appreciate its charms by visiting the most famous resorts - Dubrovnik, Split, Budva Riviera, Rimini or Cattolica. The charm of this sea will be not only the wonderful beaches, the warm sea and the wonderful Mediterranean climate, but also the mouth-watering dishes from its inhabitants, for which the cuisines of those countries located on the shores of the Adriatic are famous.