Education system in the Republic of Belarus: pre-school, secondary, higher, main universities

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Education system in the Republic of Belarus: pre-school, secondary, higher, main universities
Education system in the Republic of Belarus: pre-school, secondary, higher, main universities

Belarus is one of the few states that are included in the group with a high level of human development index. The education system in the Republic of Belarus has reached the point where the level of adult literacy is one of the best in the world. The rate of enrollment of children in preschool institutions and schools speaks of the country's worthy place in the field of education. Funding for the educational system receives 5% of GDP, which is similar to similar figures in this area in other European countries.

System Disclosure

More than 8,000 institutions have been opened in the republic for receiving basic, special and additional education. The structure of education in the Republic of Belarus includes the following levels:

  • preschool;
  • general average;
  • medium speci alty;
  • vocational;
  • supreme;
  • postgraduate.

Additional education is designed for each generation of citizens of the country,starting with children, continuing with teenagers and adults, and ending with everyone who, regardless of their age, wants to get a profession or a certain level of knowledge. The classification of the steps presented above in all respects corresponds to the standard qualification of international education. It can be concluded that every member of society can expect to receive the desired education throughout life.

Universities of Belarus

If we take into account the rating of human development in the country, then Belarus is in the top thirty developed countries of the world and the top of the list of the CIS countries. The state occupies the 21st place in the ranking of the level of education according to the combined indicator of the UN Development Program. The high quality of education is confirmed by the high number of not only students with Belarusian roots, but also with Russian, Chinese, Tajik, Turkish and others. The multinationality of the campus is a kind of recognition by other countries of the high level of the teaching staff and educational potential.


The well-developed system of pre-school education in the Republic of Belarus implies voluntary attendance at the appropriate institution. Going to kindergarten is not necessary for every child. Parents in this case make the decision themselves, but most children attend preschool before going to school. There are more than 4,000 state-run pre-school education institutions in the country. There are private kindergartensproperty, but their number is many times lower. Coverage of children under 6 years of age in preschool-type centers is almost 75% (about 50% in rural areas and 81.5% in urban areas).


The essence of secondary education

The description of the levels of education in the Republic of Belarus must begin with the general secondary, which starts at the age of 6 and is subdivided into:

  • common basic;
  • total average.

Basic school lasts from grades 1 to 9, secondary - up to grade 11. After completing the basic level, teenagers can continue their education in lyceums, colleges or vocational schools. It is in such institutions that the opportunity is provided to complete secondary education and gain professional skills.

The above institutions can be entered after 11 classes. Obtaining a certificate of general secondary or secondary special education is the main goal of schoolchildren, without this document it is impossible to continue their studies at a higher educational institution.


There are more than 3,230 institutions in the republic where you can get a general secondary education, some of which work on a private basis. The trend of the education system of the Republic of Belarus in recent years has been the introduction of specialized education in high school. The innovation that overtook the educational process at the level of secondary education is the gradual introduction of information technology.

Thus, electronic diaries are being introduced in the capital's gymnasiums and schools,"cloud" information and educational environment, the use of resources and services, as well as technical means of information is practiced.

The combination of Soviet hardening, the professionalism of teachers and modern innovative technologies allows Belarusian schoolchildren to win numerous awards at international subject Olympiads every year.

Special Education

Government bodies have been successful in organizing the right approach to children with psychophysical disabilities. The system of special education in the Republic of Belarus is aimed not only at providing an opportunity to gain knowledge, but also to provide assistance at the correctional and pedagogical levels, which are necessary at all stages of the socialization of children of all ages. The integration of children with special needs (mentally and physically) into kindergartens and schools is practiced (more than 70%).

special education

More than 240 special institutions of this kind provide assistance in the republic. Such centers are a methodological and media base for improving the skills of professionally oriented teachers, as well as the quality of such education in general.

Vocational and vocational education

The considered level of the structure of the education system in the Republic of Belarus is one of the most important, due to the fact that the country needs experienced specialists who work in factories and factories, and also, it is much easier for such workers to move up the career ladder, part-time continuing education in higher educationestablishments.

There are more than 166 vocational schools in the country, represented by schools, lyceums and colleges, and more than 40 educational institutions of another type, the educational program of which is aimed at graduating specialists in more than three hundred professions.

seminars at the university

Getting higher education

The system of higher education in the Republic of Belarus is represented by more than 50 institutions, including academies, universities and institutes. Today, private universities are considered not uncommon, which also graduate thousands of highly qualified specialists.

university students

Students study in 15 profiles, 382 speci alties of higher education of the first stage and 331 of the second stage. You can get education through daytime, evening, correspondence or distance learning. Due to the fact that there are 2 official languages ​​in the country, the learning process can be organized in Russian and Belarusian.

For students of foreign origin, lectures are held in English. After receiving a standard higher education, you can continue your studies at postgraduate and doctoral studies, where scientists are trained. Higher qualifications can be obtained in 430 speci alties.

International students

Today, quite a lot of people among foreign youth seek education in Belarus. There are special programs under which students come from different countries and can, inat the end of a successfully completed study, receive a diploma of higher education in an international format. The educational standards of the Republic of Belarus approved the procedure for enrolling persons of foreign origin:

  • fee based on the results of certification when mastering the curriculum to prepare citizens for higher education;
  • free of charge or for a fee in accordance with existing international agreements;
  • paid after passing the interview, which reveals the potential student's ability to communicate and learn in the language that will lead in the process of gaining knowledge.
foreign students

For citizens of Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Tajikistan, within the framework of the agreement on improving the integrated humanitarian and economic education, similar rights are granted to Belarusian citizens (there is a chance to get a state-funded place).

National issue

The Ministry of Education of the Republic of Belarus focuses on the development of great potential in the field of human development, tries to ensure socio-economic stability in the country, which is impossible without increasing the level of literacy among the population.

The figures show that every third resident of the country is at the stage of education. State policy is based on strengthening certain principles of educational institutions:

  • management and regulation by the state;
  • provision of equal educational opportunities;
  • improving the quality of learning, regardless of socialstatus.
primary school education

The priority of the state is assistance in organizing affordable education for every inhabitant of the country through the development of a network of institutions of secondary special, vocational and higher levels. To this end, more than 10,000 centers and institutions open their doors every day, where about 2 million children, students and pupils receive education at various levels, and more than 445,000 employees are involved in providing the necessary knowledge and skills.

The education system in the Republic of Belarus is organized in such a way as to provide comprehensive education according to accepted social standards, as well as to support each student in their desire to get a speci alty and profession.

Higher education institutions

Belarus has public and private establishments (according to the form of ownership). In recent years, about 285,000 students studied at 51 universities, 160,000 of whom received full-time education, the rest: part-time (123,400) and evening (1,300), almost 14,500 were foreigners. Due to the fact that there are officially two official languages ​​in the republic, Belarusian universities offer 2 options for obtaining knowledge: in Russian and Belarusian, with the exception of foreigners, lectures in English are provided for them.

But the coefficient of those wishing to get a profession in the Belarusian language is not large - 0.2% of the total figure, but mixed education in both Belarusian and Russian was chosen by 37.4% of students, 62 are ready to study only in Russian, 4%.

Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs


In the field of management (Minsk)

  • Academy of Public Administration under the President of the Republic of Belarus (state);
  • Institute of Parliamentarism and Entrepreneurship (private);
  • MITSO - International University (private);
  • Institute of Management and Entrepreneurship (private).


  • Military Academy of the Republic of Belarus;
  • Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Belarus;
  • Command Engineering Institute of the Ministry of Emergency Situations;
  • Institute of the Border Service of the Republic of Belarus;
  • Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in Mogilev.


Belarusian State Universities in:

  • Minsk (BGU);
  • Baranovichi;
  • Gomel (named after Francysk Skaryna);
  • Vitebsk (named after Masherov);
  • Brest (named after Pushkin);
  • Mogilev (named after Kuleshov);
  • Grodno (named after Yanka Kupala);
  • Polotsk;
  • Polessky state. University in Pinsk.

Technological and technical plan

  • BSTU;
  • BNTU;
  • BSUIR;
  • Gomel state. technical university;
  • Vitebsk state. University of Technology;
  • Belarusian-Russian University in Mogilev;
  • Brest State Technical University;
  • Mogilev State University of Food.


  • BSEU (state);
  • MITSO;
  • International Institute for the Humanities and Economics;
  • Belarusian Trade and Economic University of Consumer Cooperatives in Gomel;
  • Institute for Entrepreneurship in Minsk.


  • BGATU in Minsk;
  • Belarusian State Agricultural Academy in Gorki;
  • Grodno state. Agricultural University.

Pedagogical universities in Belarus

  • BSPU named after Maxim Tank in Minsk;
  • I. P. Shamyakin State Pedagogical University in Mozyr.

Highly specialized

  • Belarusian Institute of Law in Minsk (private);
  • Belarusian state. Communication Academy;
  • Vitebsk state. Academy of Veterinary Medicine;
  • Institute of Law BIP in Mogilev;
  • Minsk State Linguistic University;
  • Belarusian state. aviation academy;
  • Institute of Modern Knowledge named after Shirokov A.M. in Minsk;
  • Belarusian state. University of Physical Education;
  • Belarusian state. University of Transport in Gomel.

Artistic and cultural universities

  • Belarusian State Academy of Arts;
  • State. University of Culture and Arts;
  • State Academy of Music;

Medical Public Universities in

  • Minsk (BSMU);
  • Gomele;
  • Grodno;
  • Vitebsk.

Art in education

The education system in the Republic of Belarus has a state-public character. Culture and art occupy an important place in the formation of a comprehensively developed personality, therefore, back in 1945, the Belarusian State Theater Institute was organized in Minsk, where they taught the art of drama theater, painting, directing, graphics, and sculpture. In the 1990s, the Belarusian State Academy of Arts began to practice teaching television cameramanship, film cameramanship, and the visual solution of the film.

painting exhibition

Today, Belarusian and foreign students at the university can gain skills in the following speci alties:

  • monumental-decorative art;
  • painting;
  • graphics;
  • sculpture;
  • acting art;
  • arts and crafts;
  • design;
  • directing theater;
  • art criticism;
  • acting art;
  • film-teleoperatorstvo;
  • film and TV directing.

Science and Innovation Education Center

The largest institution of higher education in the Republic of Belarus is Belarusian State University in Minsk, where students receive knowledge in specialized subjects at 20 faculties. The university was founded in 1921. To enter and start training there, you must pass a centralized test.It is noteworthy that some speci alties require entrance exams.

Belarusian State University

The BSU rating is growing every year, in March 2018 it took 487th place according to the Webometrics Ranking of World Universities. Among the universities of the CIS countries, the institution takes the 4th place. It is also ranked among the top 500 best universities in the world.

In order to get a diploma of higher education at the university of the Republic of Belarus, you need to enter the university and successfully complete an average of 4500-5700 hours of study (4-5 years of study). After completing their studies, graduates take state examinations in their speci alty and defend their thesis. The examination committee, after successfully passing the tests, assigns a qualification in accordance with the chosen speci alty, which is later indicated in the diploma of higher education.

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