MPGU, former Moscow State Pedagogical Institute. Lenin: history, address. Moscow Pedagogical State University

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MPGU, former Moscow State Pedagogical Institute. Lenin: history, address. Moscow Pedagogical State University
MPGU, former Moscow State Pedagogical Institute. Lenin: history, address. Moscow Pedagogical State University
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The Moscow State Pedagogical Institute is a continuation of Guerrier's famous higher courses for women, which for the first time opened up the opportunity for the fair sex to receive an education and became a kind of beginning of the feminist movement in Russia.

Opening of MVZhK

The initiator of the creation of private women's courses was the historian and prominent public figure Vladimir Guerrier. The idea was supported by the Minister of Education Count Tolstoy. The opening of the institution took place in the building of the First Men's Gymnasium on Volkhonka in November 1872. The Moscow Higher Women's Courses became the first educational institution open to women from any class. Until that time, ladies had to apply to foreign institutes and universities, where such an opportunity had been available for a long time.

In the 19th century and earlier, it was believed that education was harmful to women, as a result, ladies could not take part in many areas of life. There were a lot of opponents of changing the situation in favor of education, which did not prevent Guernier's courses from existing for sixteen years in the initial period. It was originally planned thattraining will last 2 years, later the period increased to 3 years.

mgpi im. Lenin

First period

The chosen direction of education was the humanities. The main subjects taught in the courses were world and Russian history, literature, art history. Since 1879, the number of subjects has increased, reduced courses in mathematics, physics, astronomy and hygiene have been introduced into the program.

Education was carried out on a commercial basis, the cost of one year of study was estimated at 30 rubles for the entire course of subjects. Those who wanted more paid 10 rubles a year for each individual item. The same amount was paid by volunteer women who wanted to independently build the educational process.

The demand in society for the creation of such courses was great - already in the first year after the opening, the number of students was 70 persons, and by 1885 it had grown to 256 people, which for that time was almost a record. Despite the huge demand, admission to the MVZhK was discontinued in 1886, and two years later the courses were completely closed.

MPGU formerly MGPI im. Lenin

Second discovery

The second time MVZhK, the future pedagogical institute, was opened ten years later, but already at the initiative of the state. The Ministry of Education partially financed the creation and operation of the educational institution. Since 1900, the duration of the educational process has been increased to 4 years. Two departments were available for training - physical and mathematical and historical and philological. In 1906 for womenmedical education became available, for which the medical faculty was opened.

V. Guernier was appointed director of new courses in 1905, after his departure abroad Professor V. I. Vernadsky was chosen as director, but at the same time he received the post of director of Moscow University, and therefore could not pay MZHVK. New elections followed, and as a result, S.A. Chaplygin became the head of women's courses.

Your home for courses

In 1905, the Moscow city government took care of the construction of a separate building of the educational building for women's courses. For good purposes, a plot was allocated on the Maiden's Field. In the summer of 1907, construction began. The author of the project was S. U. Solovyov. A year later, the buildings of the first departments were opened - the anatomical theater and the Faculty of Physics and Chemistry. In 1913, the classroom building was opened, now the main building of the Moscow State Pedagogical University (former Lenin Moscow State Pedagogical Institute).

The educational institution was constantly developing, the funds were replenished with grants, so in 1913 the zoological collection of A. F. Kots was acquired for the MZHVK, which later grew to the Darwin Museum (Vavilov St.). Since 1915, the Moscow Higher Women's Courses began to issue diplomas based on the results of final exams. The number of students in 1916 reached 8300 people, more students studied only at Moscow State University. Thus, in the post-revolutionary year of 1918, the Higher Women's Courses in Moscow became the largest educational institution of higher education in the Russian Empire.

Moscow State Pedagogical Institute

Afterrevolution

In September 1918, MZhVK received a new status and name, becoming the Second Moscow State University. In 1921, the Pedagogical Faculty was opened at the Second Moscow State University, which became decisive in the further development of the university. In 1930, education received a modern direction and the corresponding name - the Pedagogical Institute.

At the dawn of activity in the training of teaching staff, the Institute bore the name of the People's Commissar of Education. It was called MGPI them. Bubnov, and later the university was named after Lenin (until 1997). The name “Lenin Pedagogical Institute” is still alive in the memory of many generations.

Education at Moscow State Pedagogical Institute. Lenin at all times was not only prestigious, but also of high quality. The luminaries of science Otto Schmidt (mathematician, astronomer, geographer), N. Baransky (founder of economic geography in the Soviet Union), Lev Vygodsky (outstanding psychologist), Igor Tamm (physicist, Nobel Prize winner) and many others taught here.

mpg open day

Wartime

During the war MGPI them. Lenin practically did not stop the educational process,. The stop occurred in the autumn of 1941, when a state of siege was declared in Moscow. The term of study was reduced, all curricula were tried to fit in three years. Many graduates immediately went to the front, and teachers, graduate students and researchers also took part in the hostilities. Four teachers received the title of Heroes of the Soviet Union.

In the last year of the Great Patriotic War, the Pedagogical Institute received the right to scientific activities and defensedissertations, the Higher Pedagogical Courses were also opened. During the war years, two Moscow universities were attached to the Moscow State Pedagogical University - the Defectological Institute and the Industrial and Pedagogical named after K. Liebknecht, and much later, in 1960, there was a merger with the Moscow City Pedagogical Institute. V.P. Potemkin.

MGPI faculties

Modernity

MPGU (former Lenin Moscow State Pedagogical Institute) prepared a galaxy of outstanding specialists. The teachers of the university wrote textbooks for secondary and higher schools, according to which several generations of schoolchildren and students mastered the knowledge. For outstanding achievements in the training of teaching staff and in connection with the 100th anniversary in 1972, the university was awarded the Order of Lenin.

The main task of the university is to train teachers for secondary schools, but the staff of many departments conduct research work that has practical application in the real sector of industry. So found the implementation of the study of the Department of Geology in the exploration of minerals, the Department of Chemistry contributed to the production of dyes and many other works.

Many graduates work in the profession in key positions in schools, universities, institutes. Achievements of former students of Moscow State Pedagogical Institute. Lenin are varied. Among them are school directors, state-level officials, writers, directors and public figures. In August 1990, the Moscow State Pedagogical Institute named after V. I. Lenin was transformed into a university. It became the first educational institution of this level with a pedagogical orientation of education.

S2009, Moscow State Pedagogical University (former Lenin Moscow State Pedagogical Institute) is included in the list of valuable objects of cultural heritage of the peoples of the Russian Federation.

mgpi im. a.s. bubnova

Education

At the present stage, MSGU is one of the largest universities in Russia. More than 26 thousand students study here every year. The structure of the university includes 12 buildings, more than 50 educational and scientific centers, a lyceum of pre-university training, 11 institutes and 4 faculties, students live in seven dormitories of the Moscow State Pedagogical Institute.

Faculties of the university:

  • Geography.
  • Preschool Pedagogy and Psychology.
  • Pedagogy and psychology.
  • Math.

Institutions:

  • Art.
  • Journalism, communications and media education.
  • Physical education, sports and he alth.
  • Biology and chemistry.
  • History and politics.
  • Philology.
  • Childhood.
  • Physics, technology and information systems.
  • Social and humanitarian education.
  • "Higher School of Education".
  • Foreign languages.
  • UNESCO Chairs.
mgpi im. lenin address

Open Days

All universities during the academic year invite future applicants to get acquainted, and MSGU is no exception. An open day at the Pedagogical University is an event for all institutes and faculties of the university. They prepare for the event in advance, form a program, which often includes traditional events:

  • Speech by Academician A. L. Semenov (Rector of Moscow State Pedagogical University).
  • Meaningful meetings withdirectors of educational departments, where you can ask all your questions, get detailed answers about admission to a particular institute, training programs and more.
  • Master classes.
  • Workouts.
  • At the end of a busy day - a student concert.

During the event, applicants get acquainted with students of different courses, learn the conditions of study, the features of life at the university. In the institution, the educational process is harmoniously combined with an active social and cultural life. Students take part in conferences, rallies, have the opportunity to do an internship at foreign universities or continue their studies abroad.

In addition to the university-wide Open Day, each institution hosts its own event, which invites all interested high school students, graduates of colleges and vocational institutions.

mgpi im. Lenin

Addresses

MGPU has branches:

  • Balabanovsky - Kaluga region, the city of Balabanovo, st. named after Gagarin, 20.
  • Anapsky - the city of Anapa (Krasnodar Territory, Astrakhanskaya street, 88.
  • Shadrinsky - Arkhangelsk region, city of Shadrinsk, Arkhangelskogo street, 58/1.
  • Pokrovsky - Vladimir region, city of Pokrov, Sportivny Avenue, 2-G.
  • Derbent - Derbent (Republic of Dagestan), Buynaksky street, 18.
  • Sergiev Posadsky - the city of Sergiev Posad (Moscow region), Razin street, 1-A.
  • Stavropolsky - the city of Stavropol, Dovatortsev street, building 66G.
  • Egorevsky - the city of Yegoryevsk (Moscow region), street them. S. Perovskoy, 101-A (building No. 1); avenue them. Lenina, 14 (building number 2).

The main university building is located in Moscow (former Moscow State Pedagogical Institute named after Lenin). Address - Malaya Pirogovskaya street, 1/1.

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