What is "Hindi"? Let's figure it out

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What is "Hindi"? Let's figure it out
What is "Hindi"? Let's figure it out

What is Hindi? It is an Indo-European language of the Indo-Aryan group, spoken mainly in the northern and central parts of India. Hindi is the main official language of the Union Government of India. It is spoken by about 437 million people in the world.

Hindi History

The question of what is Hindi can be answered as follows. It is a language that is a direct descendant of ancient Sanskrit through Prakrit, a group of Middle Indo-Aryan languages ​​and Apabhransha. The development and formation of Hindi was influenced and enriched by such languages ​​as Dravidian, as well as Turkish, Farsi, Arabic, Portuguese and English.

Hindi is a very expressive language. The beginning of the formation and development of modern Hindi dates back to the twelfth century. In poetry and songs, he can convey emotions using simple and gentle words. It can also be used to make precise and rational judgments.

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In the 10th century, authentic Hindi poetry took shape and has been constantly changing ever since. The history of Hindi literature as a whole can be divided into four stages: the early period, the period of devotion,teaching period and modern period.

Where is it spoken?

Indian Hindi is rightfully considered the predominant language in the states and union territories of Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Uttaranchal, Jharkhand, Rajasthan and Chattisgarh. Linguists call this area the Hindi Belt. Outside these areas, Hindi is widely spoken in cities such as Mumbai, Chandigarh, Ahmedabad, Kolkata and Hyderabad, all of which have their own mother tongue other than Hindi.

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Local variations of Hindi are considered minority languages ​​in several countries, including Fiji, Mauritius, Guyana, Suriname, South Africa, Nepal, USA, Uganda, Yemen, Germany, and Trinidad and Tobago. In addition, the UK and UAE also have notable populations of Hindi speakers.

Hindi Dialects

Linguists distinguish two main subtypes of Hindi: Western and Eastern. In turn, there are numerous additional variations within these two dialects.

Many dialects related to Hindi and Urdu are commonly referred to by one word - "Hindustani". Many linguists believe that Hindustani, when both Hindi and Urdu are included in the term, is the third most spoken language in the world after Chinese and Arabic.

So, Hindi is one of the most commonly used languages ​​on our planet, which may be of particular interest to linguists around the world.

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