MKAD is one of the largest and most famous highways in the world. It has a long history of renovations and improvements to this project. The Moscow Ring Road is located on the territory of Moscow and its environs. Even at the present time, its interchanges are being improved for the convenience of motorists, which will minimize traffic jams and increase throughput. What is the length of the Moscow Ring Road?
History of Creation
The length of the Moscow Ring Road and its components is constantly changing. This is due to an increase in the overall traffic flow. This highway dates back to 1937. At this time, the design of a new route in the Moscow region began. A year later, its construction began, but it was suspended due to the war. Instead of a new project, another plan was developed and roads were laid along existing ones. This work took only one month. The length of the Moscow Ring Road during this period was notvery big. After the end of the war, the problem of expanding the highway, as well as its reconstruction, arose. The pavement by this time had fallen into disrepair, which made it difficult to move. In addition, the traffic flow increased, which required the expansion of the route.
The first reconstruction took place between 1957 and 1962. This is how the road appeared, which exists in our time. The length of the Moscow Ring Road was 109 kilometers. It got its name because of its unusual configuration. The road covered the territory of Moscow or most of it in a ring in the form of an uneven oval. The Moscow Ring Road had four traffic lanes in each direction. In the 1960s, this capacity (36,000 vehicles per day) was sufficient. However, with the development of mechanical engineering, the flow of cars increased. MKAD required another reconstruction. However, it was postponed due to large material costs.
The problem of expanding the route has been brewing every year. It increased the accident rate several times. Lighting was poor and workload high. Land crossings became unsafe, leading to loss of life. Perestroika began in 1994. As a result, the number of lanes increased to five in each direction. Lampposts were installed along the entire route, well illuminating it. Instead of ground pedestrian crossings, underground ones were equipped. Also, to increase throughput and eliminate traffic jams,multilevel interchanges.
The length of the MKAD in Moscow and its throughput at the present time again do not meet the requirements. The flow of cars is constantly increasing, so it can not cope with the task - to ensure uninterrupted passage of vehicles. There is a new problem of reconstruction and construction of ramps and interchanges. In 2008, construction began on a new fourth ring of the highway. However, by 2011 it was suspended due to the need for large capital investments. Now the issue of continuation of reconstruction is being decided. The length of the Moscow Ring Road may increase, but the solution to the problem will be a more convenient road with high capacity.