Such a process as the stunning of consonant sounds in the flow of speech is a phenomenon with which not only people who have received education in the "language", philological profile, but also speech therapists and their visitors are familiar with firsthand. By itself, this process is natural, but in some cases it becomes the cause of many problems. In particular, stunning a word at the wrong moment can create an unpleasant impression on the speaker's speech. And in the case of foreign languages, completely distort the meaning of the spoken word and put a person in an extremely awkward position. It is for this reason that it is necessary to deal with the occurrence of stunning of a consonant in the wrong place and begin to solve this problem. Since the early start of work on it largely determines the speed of obtaining the result and its level.
Speech and sound changes
Pronouncing individual sounds clearly is a fairly simple task, but there is almost no need for it. It is only used inworking on new sounds. Human speech is a stream of sounds in which individual elements influence each other in one way or another, changing their "neighbors" in a certain way and changing independently.
Both vowel sounds (for example, they can change or lose some of their characteristics, receive overtones) and consonant sounds (they can, for example, become similar to each other, fall out, become voiced or deafened) can be subject to changes. Some of these phenomena are the pronunciation norm, some are typical for the Russian language, while others can only be found when studying a foreign language. In any case, changes in sounds in the flow of speech are an inevitable phenomenon, especially clearly noticeable in the example of consonant sounds.
Changes in consonants in the flow of speech
The most common change in a consonant sound in the Russian language is assimilation. The essence of the phenomenon denoted by this linguistic term is the likening of one sound to another according to some attribute. Assimilation itself is of several types. For example, it can be divided into complete and incomplete. An example of complete assimilation can be found in the word "sew", where the sound "s" at the beginning of the word is completely likened to the sound "sh" following it. Examples of incomplete assimilation and in which words the consonant is stunned include the "d" in the word "undermining". Assimilation can also be divided into regressive and progressive. The first is influencesubsequent sound to the preceding consonant. The second, respectively, is a set of.
Voicing of consonants is a fairly common phenomenon, one of the most frequent phonetic processes in a speech stream, along with deafening. Most often found in several positions:
- In the case of finding a sound at the junction of morphemes. For example, in the words "request", "collection" and "deal", the voiceless consonant at the junction of parts of the word is voiced, turning into its pair.
- When finding a voiced sound at the junction of a word and a preposition in front of it, as, for example, in the phrases "to the house" and "from the dacha".
- At the junction of a word with a particle behind it.
The voicing of a consonant sound is largely due to its environment in the speech stream and the process of incomplete assimilation. And both regressive and progressive.
Stunning voiced consonants
The most common and most typical phenomenon in the Russian language, which is considered the norm. This is the stunning of a consonant at the end of a word. Especially when it is followed by a pause. Examples of words with stunning consonants at the end are "oak", "tooth", "garden". Many options can be specified. In these situations, the stunning of the consonant has a physiological basis. Due to the fact that a pause follows the spoken word, the speech apparatus at the moment of pronunciation begins to come intoresting state, work with less stress. As a result, the consonant sound loses its sonority. Also, consonants can be stunned if they are before other voiceless consonants (the incomplete assimilation mentioned above).
However, it happens that sometimes a person does not utter voiced sounds at all, deafening them, or some group of sounds. This does not always make the speech incomprehensible, but it greatly complicates the understanding of what the speaker wants to convey to his interlocutor. As a rule, such excessive stunning is noticeable already in childhood and is corrected by classes with a speech therapist, who, with the help of special exercises, helps the child to master the correct articulation.
As mentioned above, stunning is a natural process in some cases. This is quite normal. However, sometimes it happens that a person unconsciously, for some reason, deafens a consonant where it should remain voiced. Such situations become a problem that needs to be addressed, including the help of a speech therapist.
If stunning is a speech problem, it has several possible causes. What? For example, the stunning of consonants may be associated with hearing impairment, improper functioning of the vocal cords, or a person’s unformed recognition of spoken sounds. One way or another, correcting pronunciation has several stages:
- work on slotted sounds;
- work ona sequence of explosive sounds.
Stunning a consonant sound is an inevitable and natural process. In some cases it is part of the pronunciation norm of the Russian language, in others it is a mistake that should be worked hard to correct. In addition, for a number of reasons, some people involuntarily deafen sounds in the wrong place. But even such cases can be corrected. Work on the correct pronunciation of sounds is necessary, including in order for the speaker's speech to meet the standards of the language, to be understandable to his interlocutor. Moreover, correct speech is the key to a good first impression of a person. And the first impression, as you know, can affect a lot, but it can be very difficult to correct it.